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Chevrolet - marque/manufacturer information

List of all Chevrolet cars

Chevrolet (IPA: /ˌʃɛvroʊˈleɪ/ - French origin) (colloquially Chevy) is a brand of automobile, produced by General Motors (GM). It is the top selling GM marque and the best known brand of GM worldwide, with "Chevrolet" or "Chevy" being at times synonymous with GM. Chevrolet is GM's largest brand, currently offering over 20 vehicles and many different enhanced versions in its home market. The brand's vehicles range from subcompact cars to medium duty commercial trucks. Its number one sellers in the United States include the Silverado pickup, which is the second best-selling vehicle in the United States (after the Ford F-150) and the Impala, which is the number one selling car with a domestic nameplate in the United States.

History

North American history

Chevrolet was co-founded by Louis Chevrolet and William C. Durant. Louis Chevrolet was a race-car driver, born on December 25, 1878, in La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland. William Durant, founder of General Motors, had been forced out of GM in 1910 and wanted to use Louis Chevrolet's designs to rebuild his own reputation as a force in the automobile industry. As head of Buick Motor Company, prior to founding GM, Durant had hired Chevrolet to drive Buicks in promotional races.

On November 3, 1911, Chevrolet entered the automobile market to compete with the Ford Model T. A year later, the "Classic Six" was introduced. The Classic Six was a five-passenger touring sedan equipped with a 299 in³ (4.9 L), six-cylinder engine capable of taking the car to a top speed of 65 miles per hour (104 km/h).

Chevrolet first used its "bowtie" logo in 1913. This logo is said to have been designed from wallpaper Durant once saw in a French hotel. Another theory of the design of the mark is from the Swiss cross, because Louis Chevrolet was from Switzerland.

In 1915, Durant made a trip to Toronto, Ontario to determine the possibility of setting up production facilities in Canada. After meeting with "Colonel Sam" McLaughlin, whose McLaughlin Motor Car Company manufactured the McLaughlin-Buick, it was agreed that the Chevrolet Motor Car Company of Canada, operated by McLaughlin, would be created to build Chevrolet cars in Canada. Three years later, the two Canadian companies were purchased by GM to become General Motors of Canada Ltd.

By 1916 Chevrolet was profitable enough to allow Durant to buy a majority of shares in GM. After the deal was completed in 1917, Durant was president of General Motors, and Chevrolet was merged into GM, becoming a separate division. In the 1918 model year Chevrolet introduced the Model D V-8 series 4-passenger roadster and 5 passenger touring. These cars had 288ci, 35 hp engines with Zenith carburetors and 3 speed transmissions.

In the 1955 model year Chevrolet introduced the so-called "small block V-8," arguably the most famous and versatile V8 engine ever produced in the post-World War II era. It came out with 265 cubic inches and was offered in three versions. The basic 265 had a two-barrel carburetor and was rated at 162 H.P in its initial 1955 iteration. Horsepower was increased to 180 with the addition of a four-barrel carburetor and dual exhausts, and an underrated 195 hp version, called the "power pack", was installed in most 1955 Corvettes and was available in regular sedans on special order. It had a high lift solid lifter cam, high compression heads, and dual exhaust. This engine became a hit with hot rodders and almost overnight became the engine of choice, replacing the flathead Ford engine as the hot rodder's preferred motor.

The earliest years of the small block Chevrolet engine's development were especially eventful. In 1955 the 265-cubic-inch engine was one of the smallest V8 engines offered by the big three U.S. automakers (see 264 Buick Nailhead, 241 Plymouth non-Hemi and 241 Dodge Hemi), however it gave similar-sized cars with far larger engines--like the 88-series Oldsmobile with its 324 cubic-inch "Rocket" engine 324 Oldsmobile--a run for their money. For example, a Chevy equipped with the power-pack engine and a three-speed manual shift transmission can achieve 60 miles per hour from a standstill in 8.4 seconds, an astonishing feat for the time. Because his engine was placed in production only 15 weeks after authorization was given by management, the engineers did not have the necessary time to do the proper dynamometer testing and rate its horsepower prior to release. The untested engine rated at 185 H.P. when released in 1955 but was rated at 205 H.P. in 1956 after dynamometer testing. Because of its exceptional breathing ability, a 225 H.P. option was available by adding two four-barrel carbs. The power-pack engine for 1956 also had two four-barrel carburetors and was rated at 245 H.P. In 1957 the engine was increased to 283 cubic inches. This engine also had heads with larger valves and ports, and the four-barrel carburetor engine was rated at 220 H.P. Two four-barrel's gave 245 H.P. A high-performance version, with a high-lift solid cam and fitted with heads that had even larger intake valves, called fuel-injection heads by enthusiasts, was rated at 270 H.P. Fuel injection was also offered that year. Rated at 283 H.P., this was often referred to as the first engine offered by U.S. auto manufactures to produce 1 H.P. per cubic inch. This rating, however, was again incorrect due to delayed production schedules for the Rochester fuel injection unit. After proper dynamometer testing, it was rated at 290 H.P. in 1958. Enthusiasts affectionately called this engine the "fuelie." It should be noted that although Chevy is commonly credited with breaking the 1 horespower per cubic inch benchmark, a year earlier Chrysler offered their 1956 300B model with 354 cu inches and 355 horespower, and DeSoto's 1957 Adventurer provided 345 cu inches with 345 horespower, thus beating Chevy's well publicized feat in terms of both time (1956 vs.1957) and power (354 vs. 283).

Famous Chevy models include the large and luxurious Impala (1958) and the innovative air-cooled rear-engined Corvair (1960 - 1969). Chevrolet had a great influence on the American automobile market during the 1950s and 1960s. In 1963, one out of every ten cars sold in the United States was a Chevrolet.

The basic Chevrolet small-block V-8 design has remained in continuous production since its debut in 1955, longer than any other mass-produced engine design in the world auto industry, though current versions share few if any parts interchangeable directly with the original. Descendants of the basic small-block OHV V-8 design platform in production today have been much modified with advances such as aluminum block and heads, electronic engine management, and sequential port fuel injection, to name just a few improvements over the 54-model-year design life of the engine concept to date. The small block Chevrolet V-8 is used in current production model (2008) Impala sedans, a variety of light and medium duty Chevrolet trucks, and the current generation Corvette sports car. Depending on the vehicle type in which they're installed, they are built in diaplacements from 5.3 to 7 litres with outputs ranging from 303 to over 500 horsepower as installed at the factory. It will also be used as a performance option in the forthcoming (2009 model year) revival of the Chevrolet Camaro. The engine design has also been used over the years in GM products built and sold under the Pontiac. Oldsmobile, Buick, Opel (Germany) and Holden (Australia) nameplates. Recently, 6-litre, 400 horsepower versions of the small-block V-8 designed initially for the C-5 and C-6 Corvettes have been installed in factory-built high performance versions of the Cadillac CTS sedan known as the CTS-V.

Chevrolet outside North America

Latin America

Historically, many Latin American-market vehicles from GM were modified derivatives of older models from GM's North American and European operations. The current S10 and Blazer exemplify this strategy. However, more modern vehicles are now being marketed as market conditions change and competition increases. Besides those older models made in Mexico, Ecuador, Colombia and Mercosur, Korean sourced cars from former Daewoo factories some markets also get German Opel and US made Chevrolet on top of their local line-ups.

In Argentina (whose factory was opened in Rosario in 1995), the models are the same Opels made in Brazil, along with the S-10 and Blazer. Chevrolet had a presence in Argentina since the 1960s where it locally produced the Chevy II (sold in Argentina as the Chevrolet 400 or Chevy), but it stopped its operations in 1978, due to high inflation.

In Brazil, the Chevrolet Opala was based on the German Opel Rekord from the late 1960s, continuing in production until the early 1990s, when it was replaced by a version of the Opel Omega. Other smaller Chevrolets in Brazil, such as the Kadett and Monza, were based on the Opel Kadett and Ascona respectively. Chevrolet's product line-up in Brazil now comprises some exclusive designs like the Corsa "B" based Celta sold in Argentina under the Suzuki brand, the Astra, and a brand new, Brazilian designed Vectra based on the current Opel Astra, while the current Corsa is built and the Omega name is now used on the Holden Commodore. Utility and four wheel drive vehicles line-up includes the S10, the Blazer, and the Montana. The Montana is a compact pickup truck, based on the Corsa, that is also sold in other Latin American markets. From the 1960s to the mid-1980s, there was also a large station wagon, derived from the C10 truck (somewhat similar to the Suburban), called the Veraneio.

Chevrolet production in Chile began in 1962, although at first through local partners (in this case, Avayu with the Nova II) . GM still assembles the Isuzu D-Max as LUV D-Max in Arica and Isuzu´ F and N series in Huechuraba, Santiago.

Chevrolet has been operating in Ecuador for 80 years. GM Ecuador sells US Chevrolets alongside GM Daewoo and Opel sourced models. It also sells the 1983 Suzuki Supercarry under the Chevrolet namel, and the Isuzu Rodeo was sold as the Chevrolet Rodeo throughout the 1990s.

In Mexico, some of these Opel-sourced Chevrolet models are sold alongside US models. An example is regarding the Vectra. While the Brazilian Vectra is derived from the current Astra, the Mexican Vectra is actually the current Vectra as sold in Europe. Mexico also has some cars of its own, such as the Chevy C2, which is a reworked last-generation Corsa, the Sonora (which is a re-badged Tahoe), and the Cheyenne (which is similar to the Silverado but is as different as the Sonora is to the Suburban).

In Venezuela, Chevrolet has been operating since 1948, when truck production began in Caracas. In 1979 production moved to a plant in Valencia that was purchased from Chrysler. Chevrolet assembled more than 1,500,000 vehicles in its first fifty years in Venezuela.

Europe

Chevrolet Europe is a Swiss-based firm (in Zürich) that sells the rebranded products of GM Daewoo.

Until 2005, Chevrolet Europe sold a few models, mostly United States domestic market (USDM) models modified to suit European regulations. Among them were the Chevrolet Alero (which was a rebadged Oldsmobile Alero) and the Chevrolet Trans Sport (which was a Chevrolet Venture with the front end of the Pontiac Trans Sport). Among other models sold by Chevrolet Europe were the Camaro, the Corvette, the Blazer, and the TrailBlazer. The current generation of North American-built Chevrolet Impala V-8 sedans has also been available in Europe in recent years, marketed as both large family sedans and more economically-priced alternatives to Jaguars and BMWs as high performance executive cars.

It was in 2005 that all the mainstream models from Daewoo were rebranded as Chevrolet in Europe (The ownership of the SUV models in the former Daewoo range had reverted back to ownership of Ssangyong by this time). However the Daewoo name was retained in South Korea and Vietnam. In the rest of the world, most Daewoo models have worn the Chevrolet badge since 2003. Exceptions include the use of the Suzuki badge in the US and Canada, the Pontiac badge in Canada, the Holden badge in Australia and New Zealand, and the Buick badge in China for certain Daewoo models.

The Corvette is marketed in Europe through a separate distribution channel operated by Netherlands-based Kroymans Corporation Group. Because the Chevrolet brand now represents value-driven cars in Europe, the Corvette name was made into a separate marque for Europe and Japan.

Asia

The Holden Commodore is badged as the Chevrolet Lumina in Thailand and the Middle East, as well as South Africa. The longer wheelbase Holden Statesman is sold as the Chevrolet Caprice in the Middle East.

Middle East

In the Middle East, Chevrolet-badged cars, trucks, SUV's, and crossovers are sourced from GM Daewoo (in South Korea), GM in North America, and GM Holden (in Australia). The Middle East market has a separate division called Chevrolet Special Vehicles (CSV), which (as of December 2007) sources the high-performance 400 bhp CR8 sedan from Holden Special Vehicles.

Pakistan

In Pakistan, Chevrolet introduced its cars in collaboration with a local automobile manufacturer called Nexus Automotive. The current models available are the Chevrolet Optra and the Chevrolet Joy. As of December 2005, the Chevrolet Joy is being assembled locally in Pakistan.

India

Chevrolet is among the newest brands in India launched by GM's Indian operations. Until June 6, 2003 (the official birthday of Chevrolet), GM India (which was originally a joint venture with Hindustan Motors) sold the Opel Corsa, Opel Astra, and the Opel Vectra. The Corsa and Astra were built at a plant in Halol, Gujarat.

Since then, Chevrolet currently sells the Chevrolet Optra, Chevrolet Aveo, Chevrolet Tavera, Chevrolet SRV , Chevrolet Spark and Chevrolet Aveo U-VA. The Chevrolet Forester, a rebadged Subaru, was imported directly from Fuji Heavy Industries in Japan until 2005. The Optra and Tavera are built at the Halol plant.

Indian Motorsports

Chevrolet also is the sole Engine supplier for the Formula Rolon single seater series in India.

Thailand

The American-built Chevrolet Colorado pickup is also manufactured in Rayong, Thailand.

General Motors is currently exploring cost cutting options as part of its restructuring plan. One of these options involve expanding the Rayong, Thailand plant to add additional capacity to export Colorado's to the U.S. This would allow the Shreveport, Louisiana plant to be closed (where the Colorado is also produced). This scenario is plausible only if a free-trade agreement is signed between the U.S. and Thailand, as the American tariff on imported pickup trucks from non-FTA countries is currently 25%. The United Auto Workers is the most vocal opponent to a change in the tariff structure.

Japan

In Japan, GM distributes and markets the Chevrolet TrailBlazer in very limited numbers. In the mid 2000s, GM also marketed the Chevrolet Optra wagon. Suzuki, a GM partner, also assembled and marketed the Chevrolet Cruze in the past. Mitsui currently distributes and markets the Chevrolet Express, Chevrolet HHR, and Starcraft versions of the G-Van and Chevrolet Trailblazer. General Motors Japan directly imports and distributes the Corvette, which is marketed under its own marque. Thus there are two distinct distribution channels for Chevrolet-branded vehicles, and a separate network for Corvette-branded cars. If GM has a good month they will sell 500 cars to the Japanese.

South Korea

Chevrolet-branded vehicles are not sold in South Korea. However, many global-market Chevrolet vehicles are sourced from GM Daewoo of South Korea.

South Africa

In South Africa, Chevrolet was GM's main brand name until 1982, with a number of Vauxhall Motors and Holden derivatives being built under the Chevy name from 1964. In the 1960s, the advertising jingle "braaivleis, rugby, sunny skies and Chevrolet" (similar to Holden's 1970s "Football, Meat Pies, Kangaroos and Holden cars") came to epitomise the ideal lifestyle of white male South Africans. Originally, Chevrolets were CKD kits of American Chevys assembled in their plant in Port Elizabeth. However, since South Africa was right-hand drive and the US was left-hand drive, along with encouragement by the South African government to use local content, Chevrolets such as the Biscayne were eventually made entirely in South Africa, along with GM's "own car for South Africa": the Ranger. By the 1970s, South African Chevrolets like the Kommando and Constantia were based on Australian Holden models like the Kingswood, while the Firenza was based on the Vauxhall Viva. The Chevrolet Nomad sold in South Africa was entirely different from the Nomad sold in America; whereas the American Nomad was originally conceived as a station wagon version of the Corvette and eventually became the station wagon version of the Bel Air, the South African Nomad was an SUV of truck proportions before SUVs were popular.

However, these were replaced by Opel models like the Rekord, Commodore, and Senator, and in 1982 the Chevrolet brand name was dropped in favour of Opel. Because of the political climate at the time, GM decided to disinvest from South Africa in 1986, and a local group eventually bought out GM's South African operations (including the Port Elizabeth plant) and renamed the company as the Delta Motor Corporation, which concentrated on Opels, Isuzus, and Suzukis, built under licence.

However, thanks to an improved political climate in the 1990s, GM decided to reenter South Africa, eventually buying out the whole of Delta. In 2001, the Chevrolet name made a comeback, used on the Lumina, a rebadged Holden Commodore, and later on, on the Daewoo range of cars. Current Chevrolets include the Spark (a rebadged Daewoo Matiz), Aveo, Optra, the Lumina (including a pickup version), and the Vivant, an MPV that is a rebadged version of the Daewoo Tacuma.

Russia

In Russia, various Chevrolet models are available. Current Chevrolets include the Spark, Aveo, Lanos, Lacetti, Rezzo, Epica, Captiva, and TrailBlazer. All of these models (with the exception of the TrailBlazer) are rebadged Daewoo models.

Current models in the United States

Cars Aveo Cobalt Malibu Impala Corvette
Trucks Colorado Silverado Avalanche
SUVs HHR Equinox TrailBlazer Tahoe Suburban
Vans Uplander Express

Current models in Italy

Cars Matiz Kalos Lacetti Nubira SW Tacuma Epica
SUVs Captiva

Future products

The Chevrolet brand is currently undergoing a product restructuring in North America along with all other GM brands in order to fit into the parent company's turnaround efforts. The Monte Carlo personal luxury coupe, although popular over much of its life cycle since its initial 1970 introduction, went on production hiatus at the end of the 2007 model year. although GM has not announced permanent retirement of the Monte Carlo brand. Meanwhile, entirely new versions of the Malibu sedan have just been introduced for 2008 as a result of these efforts. The upcoming designs are expected to have more intriguing features than current models. Chevrolet will also reintroduce its Camaro muscle car on its new Zeta platform designed in alliance with GM Holden Australia. GM announced in August 2006 that it would be on sale for the 2009 model year. Three subcompact concepts will debut on April 4, 2007 at the New York International Auto Show. The Trax, the Beat, and the Groove will be voted on to see which will be offered as a production model.

Chevrolet watches

In 2007, Chevrolet launched its first watch collection under the Louis Chevrolet watch brand. The watch collection pays tribute to Louis Chevrolet, co-founder of the brand, who was born in a family of a watchmaker and in his childhood helped his father at the workbench. The collection was called Frontenac, the name inherited from the race car company founded by Louis Chevrolet. The Chevrolet watch collection comprises automatic, manually-wound and quartz models, equipped with ETA and Ronda movements.

The Louis Chevrolet Frontenac watches, manufactured in Courgenay, the Swiss Jura region, feature the styling cues suggested by the Chevrolet cars. The collection was developed while applying the same materials as used in the car industry. Pearled appliques on the Chevrolet watches' dials remind the metal forms of the old dashboards. The number '8,' Chevrolet's racing number, is sported on the case back.

Chevrolet in popular culture

Chevrolets, both cars and trucks, have been a popular figure in many songs over the years.

  • Most West Coast Rappers refer to Chevrolet in their songs. Usually refer to the 1963 and 1964 Impalas. (e.g. The Game's One Blood"I'm from the west side from the 6-4 Impala"
  • Mike Jones has a song about the 1964 Chevy Impala with Bun B and Snoop Dogg called "My 6-4"
  • Chevy Impala's that used the B Body are usually modified into Lowriders (1960s) or "Donks" (1970s, 1980s, also known as a box, and 1990s, also known as a bubble)
  • The Chevy Monte Carlo is also preferred to turn into Lowriders or High Risers.
  • The Beach Boys' 1962 classic "409" sang the praises of Chevrolet's legendary racing engine of the same name. Also, their 1963 song "Shut Down" tells of a fuel-injected Corvette Sting Ray racing against a Super Stock Dodge 413 (the Sting Ray wins).
  • The chorus of Don McLean's classic 1972 song "American Pie" says "Drove my Chevy to the levee".
  • The Charlie Daniels Band, in their 1973 song "Uneasy Rider" begin their story, "I was takin' a trip out to L.A., toolin' along in my Chevrolet".
  • Bob Seger, in his 1977 song "Night Moves", sings "Out past the cornfields where the woods got heavy, out in the back seat of my '60 Chevy".
  • Eric Clapton says "I get off on '57 Chevys" in his 1983 song "I've Got A Rock N' Roll Heart".
  • The rock band Night Ranger, in their 1984 song "When You Close Your Eyes" say "I remember we learned about love in the back of a Chevrolet".
  • In the Pointer Sisters' song "Neutron Dance", "Someone stole my brand-new Chevrolet".
  • The boyfriend in Trisha Yearwood's 1991 song "She's In Love With The Boy" drives "a beat-up Chevy truck".
  • In Alan Jackson's 1993 song "Chattahoochee" he says, "We fogged up the windows in my old Chevy".
  • Tim McGraw gets in his Suburban in his song "Grown Men Don't Cry".
  • Big & Rich, in their 2004 song "Save A Horse (Ride A Cowboy)" tell of "the horns on my Silverado grille", and say "I wouldn't trade ol' Leroy or my Chevrolet for your Escalade or your freak parade".
  • Brad Paisley in "Mud On The Tires" proclaims, "I'm holding the keys to a brand-new Chevrolet".
  • Carrie Underwood says, "We were loadin' up that Chevy" in her 2006 song "Don't Forget To Remember Me".
  • Faith Hill, in her 2006 song "Sunshine and Summertime" says "There'll be straw sombreros and T-top Camaros".
  • Taylor Swift, in her song "Tim McGraw" recalls her one-time boyfriend as "Just a boy in a Chevy truck".
  • Brooks & Dunn's song "Rock My World (Little Country Girl)" begins with "She's got a t-top Camaro with a scoop on the hood".
  • Billy Joel's song "Captain Jack" contains the line "You got your tape deck and your brand new Chevrolet"
  • Jan & Dean's song "Dead Man's Curve" tells of a drag race between a Corvette Stingray and a Jaguar XK-E. The song was later covered by The Carpenters and by Blink-182.
  • In singer/songwriter Ricky Fitzpatrick's song "[[Chevrolet]]", a 1957 Chevy looks back (and ahead) in the first-person, on its own life.
  • Other well-known Chevrolet songs include "Chevy Van" by Sammy Johns, "SS 396" by Paul Revere & the Raiders and "Little Red Corvette" by Prince.

On television:

  • The cast of the "Route 66" TV series drove Corvettes.
  • On the sitcom "Home Improvement", Tim "The Tool Man" Taylor (Tim Allen) had a 1955 Nomad station wagon.
  • On the sitcom "Seinfeld", Kramer (Michael Richards) drove a 1973 Impala 4-door sedan.

Buses

  • B70 - Colombian market
  • CHR - Colombian market
  • GMC minibus - GMC 2500 chassis
  • Futurliner
  • LV150 - Colombian market
  • Minibus - 3500 chassis
  • N Series - Colombian market

List of all Chevrolet cars

Source: Wikipedia

Infobox

Six Major Factors that Influence Auto Insurance Rates

No two car insurance rates are the same. From driver to driver, several factors will change how much a policyholder pays for even the same coverage. Here we review the six main components that go into the auto insurance rates recipe.

1. How Much You Drive

Car insurance companies measure rates based on risk. The more miles you drive, the higher the risk you will be in a car accident. You’ll pay more if you drive more. If, on the other hand, you drive fewer than 10,000 miles annually, you may qualify for a low mileage discount from your auto insurer. People who carpool often receive discounts because they drive less frequently.

2. Your Driving History

Being a good driver matters to car insurers. Many insurance companies offer special discounts to good drivers. If you have had a series of accidents or traffic violations, you may pay more for your premium. If you have not carried car insurance in several years, you may also pay more for your policy.

(...)

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