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Buick Century Special Sedan

(1979 model)

Brief specs of 1979 Buick Century Special Sedan

4-door 5-seater sedan (saloon), petrol (gasoline) 8-cylinder 16-valve engine, OHV (overhead valve, I-head), 4942 cm3 / 301.6 cu in / 301.6 cu in, 318.0 N·m / 234.5 lb·ft / 234.5 lb·ft @ 2000 rpm / 2000 rpm / 2000 rpm, automatic 3-speed transmission, rear wheel drive, 160 km/h / 99 mph / 99 mph top speed

units: metric UK US

Basic (general) data

Marque (make)BuickIssued from1979
ModelCentury Special SedanIssued until
SerieCenturyNumber made
Model familyBody construction
Model codeBody designation
ManufacturerBuickCountryUS

Bodywork

Base platformNumber of doors4
Bodywork typesedan (saloon)Number of seats5
Bodywork designerCargo capacity (volume)
Passenger space (volume)Max. cargo capacity (volume)

Dimensions & Weight

Length4978 mm / 196.0 in / 196.0 inTotal (curb) weight1477 kg / 3256 lb / 3256 lb
Width1834 mm / 72.2 in / 72.2 inDry weight
Height1397 mm / 55.0 in / 55.0 inLoad capacity
Wheelbase2746 mm / 108.1 in / 108.1 inGross (max.) weight
Track front1486 mm / 58.5 in / 58.5 inTowing weight
Track rear1468 mm / 57.8 in / 57.8 inWeight distribution (front)
Ground clearance155 mm / 6.1 in / 6.1 inFuel capacity69 l / 15.1 UK gal / 18.1 US gal
Length/wheelbase ratio1.81  

Aerodynamics

Drag coefficient (Cd, Cx, Cw)Frontal area (A)2.18 m2 / 23.4 sq ft / 23.4 sq ft (est.)
Aerodynamic coefficient (Cd×A)Aerodynamic resistance (Aero horse power) at 100 km/h (62 mph)

Engine

Engine CodeTotal number of cylinders8
Engine Type Total number of valves16
Engine ManufacturerGMValves per cylinder2
Engine constructioncast iron block & headBore101.6 mm / 4.00 in / 4.00 in
Fuelpetrol (gasoline)Stroke76.2 mm / 3.00 in / 3.00 in
Fuel detailsBore/Stroke ratio1.33
Fuel supply1 Rochester 2ME carburettorEngine displacement4942 cm3 / 301.6 cu in / 301.6 cu in
Engine Main bearings5Unitary capacity617.75 cm3/cylinder / 37.697 cu in/cylinder / 37.697 cu in/cylinder
Cam DesignOHV (overhead valve, I-head)Compression ratio8.1 : 1
SumpwetMax. output power at
AspirationnaturalMax. torque318.0 N·m / 234.5 lb·ft / 234.5 lb·ft at 2000 rpm / 2000 rpm / 2000 rpm
Compressor typeN/AMaximum rpm
IntercoolernoMax. net output (power at the wheels)
CoolantwaterSpecific output
Catalytic converteryesSpecific torque64.3 N·m/l / 0.56 lb·ft/cu in / 0.56 lb·ft/cu in

Transmission

Transmission typeautomaticNumber of gears3
Wheel driverear wheel driveTop gear (drive) ratio1
  Final gear (drive) ratio2.29

Performance

Acceleration 0-50 mph (80 km/h)Top (maximal) speed160 km/h / 99 mph / 99 mph
Acceleration 0-60 mph (97 km/h)Power-to-weight ratio94.8 kW/ton / 71.8 bhp/ton / 71.8 bhp/ton
Acceleration 0-100 km/hFuel consumption, City (urban)
Acceleration 0-100 mph (160 km/h)Fuel consumption, Road (extra-urban)
Acceleration 80-120 km/h (50-70 mph) in topFuel consumption, Mixed (combined)
Standing ¼mile time Fuel consumption, Euro
Standing kilometer time CO2 emissions
  Range

Chassis

Engine locationfrontEngine alignmentlongitudinal
Steeringrecirculating ballSteering details
Turns lock-to-lock6.14Turning circle
Suspension frontIndependent, Wishbone (A-arm, control arm), Coil springs, Anti-roll (anti-sway) bar (ARB)Suspension rearLive axle, Radius arms, Trailing arm, Coil springs
Wheels frontWheels rear
Tyres frontP185/75 x 14Tyres rearP185/75 x 14
Brakes frontventilated discBrakes reardrum
Brake diameter front267 mm / 10.5 in / 10.5 inBrake diameter rear
Brakes detailsservo-assistedBraked area

Technical specifications and performance data of Buick Century Special Sedan

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