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Trabant - all models

Series: 1.1, 601, P50, P70, Universal

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units: metric UK US

About Trabant

The Trabant is an automobile formerly produced by East German auto maker VEB Sachsenring Automobilwerke Zwickau in Zwickau, Saxony. It was the most common vehicle in East Germany, and was also exported to other countries in, but also outside the communist bloc. The main selling points were that it had room for four adults and luggage, and was compact, light and durable. Despite its poor performance and smoky two-stroke engine, the car has come to be regarded with affection as a symbol of the more positive sides of East Germany (in former East Germany) and of the fall of communism (in former West Germany, as many East Germans streamed into West Berlin and West Germany in their Trabants after the opening of the Berlin Wall in 1989). It was in production without any significant change for nearly 30 years.

The name Trabant means "fellow traveler" (Satellite) in German; the name was inspired by Soviet Sputnik. The cars are often referred to as the Trabbi or Trabi, pronounced with a short a.

Since it could take years for a Trabant to be delivered from the time it was ordered, people who finally got one were very careful with it and usually became skillful in maintaining and repairing it. The lifespan of an average Trabant was 28 years. Used Trabants would often fetch a higher price than new ones, as the former were available immediately, while the latter had the aforementioned waiting period of several years.

There were two principal variants of the Trabant, the Trabant 500, also known as the Trabant P 50, produced 1957-1963; and the Trabant 601 (or Trabant P 60 series), produced from 1963 to 1991. The engine for both the Trabant 500 and 601 was a small two-stroke engine with two cylinders, giving the vehicle modest performance. At the end of production it delivered 19 kW (25 horsepower) from a 600 cm³ displacement. The car took 21 seconds from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) and the top speed was 112 km/h (70 mph). There were two main problems with the engine: the smoky exhaust and the pollution it produced. They produce nine times the amount of hydrocarbons and five times the carbon monoxides of the average European car of 2007. The fuel consumption was a modest 7 liters/100 km. (34 mpg (US), 40 mpg (Imperial)).

The Trabant was a steel monocoque design with roof, bootlid, bonnet, fenders and doors in Duroplast, a form of plastic containing resin strengthened by wool or cotton. This helped the GDR to avoid expensive steel imports, but in theory did not provide much crash protection, although in crash tests it has actually proven to be superior to some modern small hatchbacks. The Trabant was the second car to use Duroplast, after the "pre-Trabant" P70 (Zwickau) model (1954-1959). The duroplast was made of recycled material, cotton waste from Russia and phenol resins from the East German dye industry making the Trabant the first car with a body made of recycled material.

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2-door
5-seat
S4 8v 1.0L OHV M-4
29.1 kW / 39.0 hp / 39.0 hp  74.0 N·m / 54.6 lb·ft / 54.6 lb·ft
   

Trabant 1.1

2-door 5-seater sedan (saloon), petrol (gasoline) 4-cylinder 8-valve straight (inline) engine, OHV (overhead valve, I-head), 1043 cm3 / 63.6 cu in / 63.6 cu in, 29.1 kW / 39.0 hp / 39.0 hp @ 5300 rpm / 5300 rpm / 5300 rpm, 74.0 N·m / 54.6 lb·ft / 54.6 lb·ft @ 2700 rpm / 2700 rpm / 2700 rpm, manual 4-speed transmission, front wheel drive, 125 km/h / 78 mph / 78 mph top speed

4-door
5-seat
S2   0.6L      M-4
22.4 kW / 30.0 hp / 30.0 hp  53.0 N·m / 39.1 lb·ft / 39.1 lb·ft
   

Trabant 601 (1964)

4-door 5-seater sedan (saloon), petrol (gasoline) 2-cylinder straight (inline) engine, 594 cm3 / 36.2 cu in / 36.2 cu in, 22.4 kW / 30.0 hp / 30.0 hp @ 4200 rpm / 4200 rpm / 4200 rpm, 53.0 N·m / 39.1 lb·ft / 39.1 lb·ft @ 2800 rpm / 2800 rpm / 2800 rpm, manual 4-speed transmission, front wheel drive, 100 km/h / 62 mph / 62 mph top speed

  
  
S2   0.6L         
17.0 kW / 22.8 hp / 22.8 hp  53.0 N·m / 39.1 lb·ft / 39.1 lb·ft
   

Trabant 601 (1965)

petrol (gasoline) 2-cylinder straight (inline) engine, 595 cm3 / 36.3 cu in / 36.3 cu in, 17.0 kW / 22.8 hp / 22.8 hp @ 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm, 53.0 N·m / 39.1 lb·ft / 39.1 lb·ft @ 2800 rpm / 2800 rpm / 2800 rpm, front wheel drive

  
5-seat
S2   0.6L         
17.0 kW / 22.8 hp / 22.8 hp  53.0 N·m / 39.1 lb·ft / 39.1 lb·ft
   

Trabant 601 (1966)

5-seater, petrol (gasoline) 2-cylinder straight (inline) engine, 595 cm3 / 36.3 cu in / 36.3 cu in, 17.0 kW / 22.8 hp / 22.8 hp @ 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm, 53.0 N·m / 39.1 lb·ft / 39.1 lb·ft @ 2800 rpm / 2800 rpm / 2800 rpm, front wheel drive

  
5-seat
S2   0.6L         
17.0 kW / 22.8 hp / 22.8 hp  53.0 N·m / 39.1 lb·ft / 39.1 lb·ft
   

Trabant 601 (1967)

5-seater, petrol (gasoline) 2-cylinder straight (inline) engine, 595 cm3 / 36.3 cu in / 36.3 cu in, 17.0 kW / 22.8 hp / 22.8 hp @ 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm, 53.0 N·m / 39.1 lb·ft / 39.1 lb·ft @ 2800 rpm / 2800 rpm / 2800 rpm, front wheel drive

  
5-seat
S2   0.6L         
19.0 kW / 25.5 hp / 25.5 hp  54.0 N·m / 39.8 lb·ft / 39.8 lb·ft
   

Trabant 601 (1968)

5-seater, petrol (gasoline) 2-cylinder straight (inline) engine, 593 cm3 / 36.2 cu in / 36.2 cu in, 19.0 kW / 25.5 hp / 25.5 hp @ 4200 rpm / 4200 rpm / 4200 rpm, 54.0 N·m / 39.8 lb·ft / 39.8 lb·ft @ 3000 rpm / 3000 rpm / 3000 rpm, front wheel drive

4-door
5-seat
S2   0.6L      M-4
22.4 kW / 30.0 hp / 30.0 hp        
   

Trabant 601 Universal (1964)

4-door 5-seater station wagon (estate, combi), petrol (gasoline) 2-cylinder straight (inline) engine, 594 cm3 / 36.2 cu in / 36.2 cu in, 22.4 kW / 30.0 hp / 30.0 hp @ 4200 rpm / 4200 rpm / 4200 rpm, manual 4-speed transmission, front wheel drive

  
  
S2   0.5L         
13.0 kW / 17.4 hp / 17.4 hp  41.0 N·m / 30.2 lb·ft / 30.2 lb·ft
   

Trabant P50 (500) (1958)

petrol (gasoline) 2-cylinder straight (inline) engine, 499 cm3 / 30.5 cu in / 30.5 cu in, 13.0 kW / 17.4 hp / 17.4 hp @ 3750 rpm / 3750 rpm / 3750 rpm, 41.0 N·m / 30.2 lb·ft / 30.2 lb·ft @ 2750 rpm / 2750 rpm / 2750 rpm

  
  
S2   0.7L         
16.0 kW / 21.5 hp / 21.5 hp  54.0 N·m / 39.8 lb·ft / 39.8 lb·ft
   

Trabant P70 (1955)

petrol (gasoline) 2-cylinder straight (inline) engine, 690 cm3 / 42.1 cu in / 42.1 cu in, 16.0 kW / 21.5 hp / 21.5 hp @ 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm, 54.0 N·m / 39.8 lb·ft / 39.8 lb·ft @ 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm

  
  
S2   0.7L         
16.0 kW / 21.5 hp / 21.5 hp  54.0 N·m / 39.8 lb·ft / 39.8 lb·ft
   

Trabant P70 (1956)

petrol (gasoline) 2-cylinder straight (inline) engine, 689 cm3 / 42.0 cu in / 42.0 cu in, 16.0 kW / 21.5 hp / 21.5 hp @ 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm, 54.0 N·m / 39.8 lb·ft / 39.8 lb·ft @ 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm

  
  
S2   0.7L         
16.0 kW / 21.5 hp / 21.5 hp  55.0 N·m / 40.6 lb·ft / 40.6 lb·ft
   

Trabant P70 (1957)

petrol (gasoline) 2-cylinder straight (inline) engine, 690 cm3 / 42.1 cu in / 42.1 cu in, 16.0 kW / 21.5 hp / 21.5 hp @ 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm, 55.0 N·m / 40.6 lb·ft / 40.6 lb·ft @ 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm

  
  
S2   0.7L         
16.0 kW / 21.5 hp / 21.5 hp  54.0 N·m / 39.8 lb·ft / 39.8 lb·ft
   

Trabant P70 (1958)

petrol (gasoline) 2-cylinder straight (inline) engine, 690 cm3 / 42.1 cu in / 42.1 cu in, 16.0 kW / 21.5 hp / 21.5 hp @ 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm, 54.0 N·m / 39.8 lb·ft / 39.8 lb·ft @ 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm

  
  
S2   0.7L         
16.0 kW / 21.5 hp / 21.5 hp  54.0 N·m / 39.8 lb·ft / 39.8 lb·ft
   

Trabant P70 (1959)

petrol (gasoline) 2-cylinder straight (inline) engine, 690 cm3 / 42.1 cu in / 42.1 cu in, 16.0 kW / 21.5 hp / 21.5 hp @ 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm, 54.0 N·m / 39.8 lb·ft / 39.8 lb·ft @ 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm

  
5-seat
S2   0.6L      M-4
22.0 kW / 29.5 hp / 29.5 hp  62.0 N·m / 45.7 lb·ft / 45.7 lb·ft
   

Trabant Universal (1964)

5-seater, 2-cylinder straight (inline) engine, 594 cm3 / 36.2 cu in / 36.2 cu in, 22.0 kW / 29.5 hp / 29.5 hp @ 4200 rpm / 4200 rpm / 4200 rpm, 62.0 N·m / 45.7 lb·ft / 45.7 lb·ft @ 3000 rpm / 3000 rpm / 3000 rpm, manual 4-speed transmission, front wheel drive

  
  
S2   0.5L         
15.0 kW / 20.1 hp / 20.1 hp  44.0 N·m / 32.5 lb·ft / 32.5 lb·ft
   

Trabant Universal (1960)

petrol (gasoline) 2-cylinder straight (inline) engine, 499 cm3 / 30.5 cu in / 30.5 cu in, 15.0 kW / 20.1 hp / 20.1 hp @ 3900 rpm / 3900 rpm / 3900 rpm, 44.0 N·m / 32.5 lb·ft / 32.5 lb·ft @ 2750 rpm / 2750 rpm / 2750 rpm, front wheel drive

  
5-seat
S2   0.5L         
15.0 kW / 20.1 hp / 20.1 hp  44.0 N·m / 32.5 lb·ft / 32.5 lb·ft
   

Trabant Universal (1961)

5-seater, petrol (gasoline) 2-cylinder straight (inline) engine, 499 cm3 / 30.5 cu in / 30.5 cu in, 15.0 kW / 20.1 hp / 20.1 hp @ 3900 rpm / 3900 rpm / 3900 rpm, 44.0 N·m / 32.5 lb·ft / 32.5 lb·ft @ 2750 rpm / 2750 rpm / 2750 rpm, front wheel drive

  
  
S2   0.6L         
17.0 kW / 22.8 hp / 22.8 hp  51.0 N·m / 37.6 lb·ft / 37.6 lb·ft
   

Trabant Universal 600 (1963)

petrol (gasoline) 2-cylinder straight (inline) engine, 595 cm3 / 36.3 cu in / 36.3 cu in, 17.0 kW / 22.8 hp / 22.8 hp @ 3900 rpm / 3900 rpm / 3900 rpm, 51.0 N·m / 37.6 lb·ft / 37.6 lb·ft @ 2750 rpm / 2750 rpm / 2750 rpm, front wheel drive

  
  
S2   0.6L         
17.0 kW / 22.8 hp / 22.8 hp  51.0 N·m / 37.6 lb·ft / 37.6 lb·ft
   

Trabant Universal 600 (1964)

petrol (gasoline) 2-cylinder straight (inline) engine, 595 cm3 / 36.3 cu in / 36.3 cu in, 17.0 kW / 22.8 hp / 22.8 hp @ 3900 rpm / 3900 rpm / 3900 rpm, 51.0 N·m / 37.6 lb·ft / 37.6 lb·ft @ 2750 rpm / 2750 rpm / 2750 rpm, front wheel drive

  
5-seat
S2   0.6L         
17.0 kW / 22.8 hp / 22.8 hp  51.0 N·m / 37.6 lb·ft / 37.6 lb·ft
   

Trabant Universal 600 (1965)

5-seater, petrol (gasoline) 2-cylinder straight (inline) engine, 595 cm3 / 36.3 cu in / 36.3 cu in, 17.0 kW / 22.8 hp / 22.8 hp @ 3900 rpm / 3900 rpm / 3900 rpm, 51.0 N·m / 37.6 lb·ft / 37.6 lb·ft @ 2750 rpm / 2750 rpm / 2750 rpm, front wheel drive

Infobox

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