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Panhard - Junior series

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About Panhard

Panhard is a French manufacturer of light tactical and military vehicles. It was formed by the acquisition of Panhard by Auverland in 2005. Panhard had been under PSA ownership for 40 years. The combined company now uses the Panhard name. Panhard once built civilian cars but ceased production in 1968, although many of their products end up on the civilian market via third sources and as military/government surplus.

History

Panhard was originally called Panhard et Levassor, and was established as a car manufacturing concern by René Panhard, Emile Levassor, and Belgian lawyer Edouard Sarazin in 1887. Benz and Daimler produced pilot models before this time, and Benz was in production by 1888 with his three-wheeler. Parisian bicycle manufacturer Emile Roger obtained a license to produce this car, and ended up producing more than Benz, due to the ready acceptance of automobiles by the French. Daimler began producing cars in small series circa 1890/91.

Inspired by Daimler's Stahlradwagen (Steel Wheel Wagon) prototypes of 1889, Panhard and Levassor decided to move to making automobiles. Their first car, with licence-produced Daimler engines, was offered in 1890. Levassor obtained his licence from a friend who already had one, Sarazin. Upon Sarazin's death in 1887, Sarazin's widow married Levassor, and the deal was cemented. Daimler and Levassor became fast friends, and shared improvements with one another.

These first vehicles set many modern standards, but each was a one-off design. They used a clutch pedal to operate a chain-driven gearbox. The vehicle also featured a front-mounted radiator. An 1895 Panhard is credited with the first modern transmission.

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2-door
2-seat
F2 4v 0.8L OHV OD-3
31.3 kW / 42.0 hp / 42.0 hp  88.0 N·m / 64.9 lb·ft / 64.9 lb·ft
   

Panhard Junior Cabriolet (1954)

2-door 2-seater drophead coupé (convertible coupé), petrol (gasoline) 2-cylinder 4-valve flat (horizontally opposed, boxer) engine, OHV (overhead valve, I-head), 848 cm3 / 51.7 cu in / 51.7 cu in, 31.3 kW / 42.0 hp / 42.0 hp @ 5000 rpm / 5000 rpm / 5000 rpm, 88.0 N·m / 64.9 lb·ft / 64.9 lb·ft @ 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm, manual with overdrive 3-speed transmission, front wheel drive

Infobox

The Varying Drivers License Requirements Around the World

Minimum driving ages, the number of passengers young drivers can have with them at any time, the times of day that drivers under the age of 18 can drive…

These all vary depending on where young motorists are driving. They vary, even, across the United States.

For instance, in Maine, motorists under the age of 18 aren’t allowed to have any passengers with them as they drive for the first 180 days after they obtain their licenses. In Alabama, motorists under the age of 18 can have one passenger with them.

And that’s just one example of the differences in driving license requirements from one part of the country to the next. The differences are even more pronounced when comparing one country to another. Minimum driving ages vary widely across the world. While most states in the United States allow youngsters to earn their learner’s permits at the age of 15, many other countries require their residents to be much older before they get behind the wheel of a car.

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