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Series: JS2

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About Ligier

Ligier is a French automobile maker created by former racing driver and rugby player Guy Ligier.

The firm entered the automobile business with the Ligier JS2, a central-engined sports car for the road powered by the same Maserati V6 engine as the Citroën SM. The Maserati V6 engine had a modern design and the JS2 was considered by many as a well designed car with a very good power-to-weight ratio. The final SMs were also produced in the Ligier factory in Vichy. The 1973 energy crisis caused such a decline in the market for the JS2 that production ceased soon after, and the firm changed its focus to microcars, for example, 1984 moped-powered Ligier JS6. Ligier is now owned by Piaggio.

Ligier F1

Ligier is best known for its Formula One team that operated from 1976 to 1996. Ligier entered Formula One in 1976 with a Matra V12-powered car, and won a Grand Prix with Jacques Laffite in 1977. This is generally considered to have been the first all-French victory in the Formula One World Championship.

The deal with Matra ceased in 1979 and Ligier built a Cosworth-powered wing-car the Ligier JS11. The JS11 begin the season winning the first 2 races in the hands of Laffite. However, the JS11 faced serious competition when Williams and Ferrari introduced aerodynamically modified cars. The rest of the season was less successful for the French Marque.

The JS11 and its successors made Ligier one of the top teams through the early 1980s. Despite substantial sponsorship from Talbot and public French companies - mainly SEITA and Française des Jeux (deals which François Mitterrand helped to put in place) - the competitiveness of the team began to decline around 1982; but the team survived until 1996. In the mid 1980s, the team benefitted from a "free" Renault turbo engine deal. This made them more competitive, though not a frontrunner, despite significant budgets from companies such as Gitanes, Loto and elf. When Renault left the sport in 1986, Ligier was left without a bona fide engine supplier. An abortive collaboration with Alfa Romeo was followed by a customer engine arrangement with first BMW and then Mugen-Honda.

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2-door
2-seat
V6 12v 3.0L DOHC M-5
134.2 kW / 180.0 hp / 180.0 hp  245.0 N·m / 180.7 lb·ft / 180.7 lb·ft
   

Ligier JS2 (1971)

2-door 2-seater fixed-head coupé, petrol (gasoline) 6-cylinder 12-valve V engine, DOHC (double overhead camshafts, twin cam), 2965 cm3 / 180.9 cu in / 180.9 cu in, 134.2 kW / 180.0 hp / 180.0 hp @ 6500 rpm / 6500 rpm / 6500 rpm, 245.0 N·m / 180.7 lb·ft / 180.7 lb·ft @ 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm, manual 5-speed transmission, rear wheel drive, 241 km/h / 150 mph / 150 mph top speed

2-door
2-seat
V6 12v 3.0L DOHC M-5
141.7 kW / 190.0 hp / 190.0 hp  255.0 N·m / 188.1 lb·ft / 188.1 lb·ft
   

Ligier JS2 (1972)

2-door 2-seater fixed-head coupé, petrol (gasoline) 6-cylinder 12-valve V engine, DOHC (double overhead camshafts, twin cam), 2965 cm3 / 180.9 cu in / 180.9 cu in, 141.7 kW / 190.0 hp / 190.0 hp @ 6500 rpm / 6500 rpm / 6500 rpm, 255.0 N·m / 188.1 lb·ft / 188.1 lb·ft @ 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm, manual 5-speed transmission, rear wheel drive, 246 km/h / 153 mph / 153 mph top speed

Infobox

The Varying Drivers License Requirements Around the World

Minimum driving ages, the number of passengers young drivers can have with them at any time, the times of day that drivers under the age of 18 can drive…

These all vary depending on where young motorists are driving. They vary, even, across the United States.

For instance, in Maine, motorists under the age of 18 aren’t allowed to have any passengers with them as they drive for the first 180 days after they obtain their licenses. In Alabama, motorists under the age of 18 can have one passenger with them.

And that’s just one example of the differences in driving license requirements from one part of the country to the next. The differences are even more pronounced when comparing one country to another. Minimum driving ages vary widely across the world. While most states in the United States allow youngsters to earn their learner’s permits at the age of 15, many other countries require their residents to be much older before they get behind the wheel of a car.

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