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Lancia - Astura series

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About Lancia

Lancia is an Italian automobile manufacturer founded in 1906 by Vincenzo Lancia and which became part of the Fiat Group in 1969. The company has a long history of producing distinctive cars and also has a strong rally heritage. Modern Lancias are seen as presenting a more luxurious alternative to the models in the Fiat range upon which they are based. One of the firm's trademarks is the use of letters of the Greek alphabet as the names of its models. The firm was also known for persisting with right-hand drive until 1956.

Lancia is famous for many automotive innovations. These include in 1913 the Theta was the first production car in Europe to feature an complete electrical system as standard equipement, the first with a monocoque-type body - the Lambda, produced from 1922 to 1931 which also featured 'Sliding Pillar' independent front suspension that incorporated the spring and hydraulic damper into a single unit (and featured on most production Lancias until the Appia was replaced in 1963). In 1948 saw the first 5 speed gearbox to be fitted to a production car (Series 3 Ardea), the first full-production V6 engine, in the 1950 Aurelia, and earlier experiments with V8 and V12 engine configurations. It was also the first company to produce a V4 engine. Also, Lancia pioneered the use of independent suspension in production cars, in an era where live axles were common practice for both the front and rear axles of a car as well as rear transaxles which were fitted to the Aurelia and Flaminia ranges.

Association with other automakers

Lancia was not closely associated with any other manufacturer until the late 1960s. By this time, the company's expensive, high standards of production had become unsustainable. In aiming to produce a product of the highest quality, company bosses had sacrificed cost-effectiveness and when Fiat launched a take-over bid in 1969, they accepted. This was not the end of the distinctive Lancia brand, and exciting new models in the 1970s such as the Stratos, Gamma and Beta served to prove that Fiat wished to preserve the image of the brand it had acquired.

During the 1980s, the company cooperated with Saab Automobile, with the Lancia Delta being sold as the Saab 600 in Sweden. The 1985 Lancia Thema also shared a platform with the Saab 9000, Fiat Croma and the Alfa Romeo 164.

Current models

Lancia Musa

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4-door
5-seat
V8 16v 3.0L SOHC M-4
61.1 kW / 81.9 hp / 81.9 hp        
   

Lancia Astura (1933)

4-door 5-seater sedan (saloon), petrol (gasoline) 8-cylinder 16-valve V engine, SOHC (single overhead camshaft), 2972 cm3 / 181.4 cu in / 181.4 cu in, 61.1 kW / 81.9 hp / 81.9 hp @ 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm, manual 4-speed transmission, rear wheel drive, 129 km/h / 80 mph / 80 mph top speed

2-door
4-seat
V8 16v 3.0L SOHC M-4
61.1 kW / 81.9 hp / 81.9 hp        
   

Lancia Astura Cabriolet tipo Bocca (1936)

2-door 4-seater drophead coupé (convertible coupé), petrol (gasoline) 8-cylinder 16-valve V engine, SOHC (single overhead camshaft), 2972 cm3 / 181.4 cu in / 181.4 cu in, 61.1 kW / 81.9 hp / 81.9 hp @ 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm, manual 4-speed transmission, rear wheel drive

Infobox

The Varying Drivers License Requirements Around the World

Minimum driving ages, the number of passengers young drivers can have with them at any time, the times of day that drivers under the age of 18 can drive…

These all vary depending on where young motorists are driving. They vary, even, across the United States.

For instance, in Maine, motorists under the age of 18 aren’t allowed to have any passengers with them as they drive for the first 180 days after they obtain their licenses. In Alabama, motorists under the age of 18 can have one passenger with them.

And that’s just one example of the differences in driving license requirements from one part of the country to the next. The differences are even more pronounced when comparing one country to another. Minimum driving ages vary widely across the world. While most states in the United States allow youngsters to earn their learner’s permits at the age of 15, many other countries require their residents to be much older before they get behind the wheel of a car.

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