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Lamborghini - Espada series

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About Lamborghini

Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A., commonly referred to as Lamborghini, is an Italian manufacturer of high performance sports cars (supercar) based in the small Italian village of Sant'Agata Bolognese, near Bologna. Lamborghini is now a subsidiary of German car manufacturer Audi AG, which is in turn a subsidiary of Volkswagen. Its latest model, the Lamborghini Reventón, is one of the fastest and most expensive Italian supercars. The company was founded in 1963 by businessman Ferruccio Lamborghini (April 28, 1916–February 20, 1993), who owned a successful tractor factory, Lamborghini Trattori S.p.A..

History

Origin

As told by Ferruccio Lamborghini's son, Ferruccio Lamborghini went to meet Enzo Ferrari at the Ferrari factory to complain about the quality of the clutch in the Ferrari 250 GT he owned. Enzo Ferrari sent him away telling him to go and drive tractors because he was not able to drive cars. Lamborghini went back to his factory, had his Ferrari's clutch dismantled and realized that the clutch manufacturer was the same who supplied the clutches for his tractors. In his warehouse he found a spare part which he thought suitable, and when it was installed the problem was solved. Furious with what he considered to be Enzo Ferrari's arrogant and aloof treatment Ferrucio Lamborghini promised himself never to go back to Ferrari for another car but rather beat him at his own game by creating a superior sports car. Thus the idea of a Lamborghini sports car was born.

Ferruccio decided that his car was to have a V12 engine, and enlisted the services of talented engineer Giotto Bizzarrini, who had previously worked on a Ferrari V12. The new engine had 4 cams, a short stroke and 2 big bore valves per cylinder, and developed a surprising 350 horsepower (260 kW). The engine featured aluminium construction, with a crankshaft supported by seven main bearings, forged aluminium pistons, and camshafts with their own half-engine-speed sprocket and silent chain. The car the engine was mounted in was designed by Franco Scaglione's Scaglione-Touring.

This Lamborghini 350GTV prototype began making public appearances in 1963, starting with the Turin Auto Show. Sales of the production model, known as the 350GT, began the following year with great success, with over 130 examples sold. Born under the sign of the Taurus, Ferruccio Lamborghini used the bull as the badge by which to mark his new automobile.

Under Ferruccio Lamborghini

The 350GT by Lamborghini was followed up by the 400GT. The excellent sales of the 400GT and its predecessor gave the company sufficient funds to design its first supercar - the now-legendary Lamborghini Miura, which was premiered by Ferruccio himself in November 1965 at the Turin Auto Show. The car's engine was transversely mounted. The styling was executed by Marcello Gandini in less than a year; a completed car was displayed at the Geneva Auto Show in March, 1966 (the Turin car was only a chassis). The car's name was taken from that of a famed fighting-bull trainer, Don Eduardo Miura. The Miura was a success for Lamborghini: 111 were sold in 1967, and it propelled the company into the small world of exotic supercar manufacturers.

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2-door
4-seat
V12 24v 3.9L DOHC M-5
261.0 kW / 350.0 hp / 350.0 hp  393.2 N·m / 290.0 lb·ft / 290.0 lb·ft
   

Lamborghini Espada GTE S3 400 (1972)

2-door 4-seater convertible (cabriolet), 12-cylinder 24-valve V engine, DOHC (double overhead camshafts, twin cam), 3938 cm3 / 240.3 cu in / 240.3 cu in, 261.0 kW / 350.0 hp / 350.0 hp, 393.2 N·m / 290.0 lb·ft / 290.0 lb·ft, manual 5-speed transmission, rear wheel drive, 249 km/h / 155 mph / 155 mph top speed

2-door
4-seat
V12 24v 3.9L DOHC M-5
242.4 kW / 325.1 hp / 325.1 hp  374.0 N·m / 275.8 lb·ft / 275.8 lb·ft
   

Lamborghini Espada S I (1968)

2-door 4-seater fixed-head coupé, petrol (gasoline) 12-cylinder 24-valve V engine, DOHC (double overhead camshafts, twin cam), 3929 cm3 / 239.8 cu in / 239.8 cu in, 242.4 kW / 325.1 hp / 325.1 hp @ 6500 rpm / 6500 rpm / 6500 rpm, 374.0 N·m / 275.8 lb·ft / 275.8 lb·ft @ 4500 rpm / 4500 rpm / 4500 rpm, manual 5-speed transmission, rear wheel drive, 241 km/h / 150 mph / 150 mph top speed

2-door
4-seat
V12 24v 3.9L DOHC M-5
261.0 kW / 350.0 hp / 350.0 hp  393.0 N·m / 289.9 lb·ft / 289.9 lb·ft
   

Lamborghini Espada S II (1969)

2-door 4-seater fixed-head coupé, petrol (gasoline) 12-cylinder 24-valve V engine, DOHC (double overhead camshafts, twin cam), 3929 cm3 / 239.8 cu in / 239.8 cu in, 261.0 kW / 350.0 hp / 350.0 hp @ 7500 rpm / 7500 rpm / 7500 rpm, 393.0 N·m / 289.9 lb·ft / 289.9 lb·ft @ 5500 rpm / 5500 rpm / 5500 rpm, manual 5-speed transmission, rear wheel drive, 250 km/h / 155 mph / 155 mph top speed

2-door
4-seat
V12 24v 3.9L DOHC M-5
261.0 kW / 350.0 hp / 350.0 hp  393.0 N·m / 289.9 lb·ft / 289.9 lb·ft
   

Lamborghini Espada S III (1972)

2-door 4-seater fixed-head coupé, petrol (gasoline) 12-cylinder 24-valve V engine, DOHC (double overhead camshafts, twin cam), 3929 cm3 / 239.8 cu in / 239.8 cu in, 261.0 kW / 350.0 hp / 350.0 hp @ 7500 rpm / 7500 rpm / 7500 rpm, 393.0 N·m / 289.9 lb·ft / 289.9 lb·ft @ 5500 rpm / 5500 rpm / 5500 rpm, manual 5-speed transmission, rear wheel drive, 250 km/h / 155 mph / 155 mph top speed

Infobox

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