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Gurgel - all models

Series: BR-800, X-12

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units: metric UK US

About Gurgel

Gurgel was the brand of Gurgel Veículos, a Brazilian automobile manufacturer, named for its founder, João do Amaral Gurgel. The company was founded in 1969 and specialized in off-road vehicles, many of which were named after Brazil's native tribes. Early models were fiberglass bodies installed on Volkswagen Beetle (fusca) chasses and machinery. Gurgel introduced Brazil's first domestically designed car, the BR-800, but went out of business in the 1990s.

The real cause of Gurgel's bankruptcy was bad decisions with new politic, from Brazil government. While under total protectionism (1969-1989), Gurgel had prosperity, having as much as 1% of Brazilian car's market. In the late 1980s, then Brazilian president José Sarney gave a very great loan (without guarantees) to Gurgel, from Brazilian state bank. Sarney was so generous with Gurgel, that he had IPI (a Brazilian value tax) to others cars between 37% and 42%, while Gurgel BR-800 had the same IPI (a Brazilian value tax) of just 5% to BR-800. Along with BR-800 Gurgel also had the production of Gurgel Carajás, a "SUV" 4 x 2 wheel drive.In fact all Gurgel's vehicles, even the prototypes, were 4 X 2 wheel drive.

The end for Gurgel began when president Fernando Collor went to office in March, 1990.Fernando Collor opened Brazilian car market to foreign cars.Even then having a tax to foreign cars of 85%, the Gurgel Carajás were more expensive than Lada Niva, a SUV from then Soviet Union. The Gurgel's SUV's went out of the market. The last Gurgel Carajás was produced in 1991. In 1990, Fernando Collor also reduced the IPI (a Brazilian value tax) of Uno mille to 20% and sent the same level of tax to BR-800.

Beyond any doubt, Uno mille was more powerful and spacious than Gurgel BR-800. The price of both models was then similar.BR-800's sells droped to almost nothing in 1990.In 1992, Gurgel launched a car based on BR-800, the Supermini. Such as its similar model, the Supermini's sells were very small.Fernando Collor refused to give a loan(without guarantees) of about US$80,000,000 from BNDES to Gurgel. Even so, Gurgel got two loans; both of them from state's governments. One from BEC (then bank of Brazilian state of Ceará) and other loan from BANESPA - then bank of Brazilian state of São Paulo. Again, both loans hadn't any guarantee.Even with these generous loans, the Gurgel's sells remained very small. Just about 1,500 Supermini Gurgel's cars were produced, in 1992 and 1993.

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5-seat
F4 8v 1.6L OHV M-4
36.5 kW / 48.9 hp / 48.9 hp  108.0 N·m / 79.7 lb·ft / 79.7 lb·ft
   

Gurgel X-12 (1979)

5-seater offroad utility vehicle, petrol (gasoline) 4-cylinder 8-valve flat (horizontally opposed, boxer) engine, OHV (overhead valve, I-head), 1585 cm3 / 96.7 cu in / 96.7 cu in, 36.5 kW / 48.9 hp / 48.9 hp @ 4200 rpm / 4200 rpm / 4200 rpm, 108.0 N·m / 79.7 lb·ft / 79.7 lb·ft @ 2200 rpm / 2200 rpm / 2200 rpm, manual 4-speed transmission, rear wheel drive, 118 km/h / 73 mph / 73 mph top speed

2-door
5-seat
F4 8v 1.6L OHV M-4
36.5 kW / 48.9 hp / 48.9 hp  108.0 N·m / 79.7 lb·ft / 79.7 lb·ft
   

Gurgel X-12 TR (1979)

2-door 5-seater offroad utility vehicle, petrol (gasoline) 4-cylinder 8-valve flat (horizontally opposed, boxer) engine, OHV (overhead valve, I-head), 1585 cm3 / 96.7 cu in / 96.7 cu in, 36.5 kW / 48.9 hp / 48.9 hp @ 4200 rpm / 4200 rpm / 4200 rpm, 108.0 N·m / 79.7 lb·ft / 79.7 lb·ft @ 2200 rpm / 2200 rpm / 2200 rpm, manual 4-speed transmission, rear wheel drive, 118 km/h / 73 mph / 73 mph top speed

2-door
4-seat
F2 4v 0.8L OHV M-4
23.9 kW / 32.1 hp / 32.1 hp  57.0 N·m / 42.0 lb·ft / 42.0 lb·ft
   

Gurgel BR-800 (1987)

2-door 4-seater sedan (saloon), petrol (gasoline) 2-cylinder 4-valve flat (horizontally opposed, boxer) engine, OHV (overhead valve, I-head), 792 cm3 / 48.3 cu in / 48.3 cu in, 23.9 kW / 32.1 hp / 32.1 hp @ 5000 rpm / 5000 rpm / 5000 rpm, 57.0 N·m / 42.0 lb·ft / 42.0 lb·ft @ 2800 rpm / 2800 rpm / 2800 rpm, manual 4-speed transmission, rear wheel drive, 110 km/h / 68 mph / 68 mph top speed

Infobox

Beyond basic auto insurance

In addition to having enough liability protection, there are some other coverages you should consider:

Collision: Pays for damage to your car resulting from a collision with another car, an object or as a result of flipping over. It also covers damage caused by potholes. Even if you are at fault for the accident, your collision coverage will reimburse you for the costs of repairing your car, minus the deductible. If you are not at fault, your insurance company may try to recover the amount they paid out from the other driver’s insurance company though a process called subrogation. If the company is successful, you will be reimbursed for the deductible.

Comprehensive: Reimburses you for loss due to theft or damage caused by something other than a collision with another car or object, such as fire, falling objects, missiles, explosion, earthquake, windstorm, hail, flood, vandalism, riot, or contact with animals such as birds or deer. Comprehensive insurance will also reimburse you if your windshield is cracked or shattered; some companies may waive the deductible on the glass portion of this coverage.

Uninsured and Underinsured Motorist Coverage: Reimburses you, a member of your family, or a designated driver if one of you is hit by an uninsured or hit-and-run driver. Underinsured motorist coverage comes into play when an at-fault driver has insufficient insurance to pay for your total loss. These coverages are required in 19 states, but available in all. It is important to purchase the same amount of coverage for uninsured/underinsured motorists as you have for liability to others.

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