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AZLK - Moskvich series

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About AZLK

AZLK (АЗЛК in Russian) is a Russian automobile factory (Moscow), the maker of the Moskvitch brand.

Founded in 1930 as KIM, or Communist Youth International, the plant became MZMA (Moscow Small Car Factory) in 1939, before finally changing its name to the more familiar Avtomobilny Zavod imeni Leninskogo Komsomola (AZLK)- literally "Lenin Communist Youth League Automobile Factory" in 1956.

Beginning in 1939, the factory's passenger cars were sold under the Moskvitch ("Muscovite") brand. The plant was originally under the authority of GAZ - Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod (Gorky Automobile Factory) founded at about the same time, but by 1939 it was operationally independent.

AZLK's role under the Soviet system was the production of small cars, which could be classified as anywhere from compact to mid-size. AvtoVAZ and IZh were also charged with producing vehicles in the same category as AZLK, while GAZ handled the large car/full-size segment.

Following privatization in 1991, AZLK adopted Moskvitch as its corporate name, as it had already been used on all of the company's cars dating to 1939.

Alternative names of the manufacturer

  • Moskvitch Stock Venture (from 1991 until bankruptcy in 2002)
  • АО Москвич (from 1991 until bankruptcy in 2002, in Russian)
  • AZLK (from 1969 until 1991, abbreviation using Latin alphabet)
  • АЗЛК (from 1969 until 1991, in Russian; the abbreviation means Youth Communist League Car Factory)
  • MZMA (from 1949 until 1969, abbreviation using Latin alphabet)
  • МЗМА (from 1949 until 1969, in Russian; the abbreviation means Moscow Small Car Factory)

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5-door
5-seat
S4 8v 1.5L SOHC M-5
53.7 kW / 72.0 hp / 72.0 hp  108.0 N·m / 79.7 lb·ft / 79.7 lb·ft
   

AZLK Moskvich 21412 (1986)

5-door 5-seater hatchback (liftback) sedan, petrol (gasoline) 4-cylinder 8-valve straight (inline) engine, SOHC (single overhead camshaft), 1479 cm3 / 90.3 cu in / 90.3 cu in, 53.7 kW / 72.0 hp / 72.0 hp @ 5500 rpm / 5500 rpm / 5500 rpm, 108.0 N·m / 79.7 lb·ft / 79.7 lb·ft @ 3300 rpm / 3300 rpm / 3300 rpm, manual 5-speed transmission, front wheel drive, 147 km/h / 91 mph / 91 mph top speed

Infobox

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