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About AZLK

AZLK (АЗЛК in Russian) is a Russian automobile factory (Moscow), the maker of the Moskvitch brand.

Founded in 1930 as KIM, or Communist Youth International, the plant became MZMA (Moscow Small Car Factory) in 1939, before finally changing its name to the more familiar Avtomobilny Zavod imeni Leninskogo Komsomola (AZLK)- literally "Lenin Communist Youth League Automobile Factory" in 1956.

Beginning in 1939, the factory's passenger cars were sold under the Moskvitch ("Muscovite") brand. The plant was originally under the authority of GAZ - Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod (Gorky Automobile Factory) founded at about the same time, but by 1939 it was operationally independent.

AZLK's role under the Soviet system was the production of small cars, which could be classified as anywhere from compact to mid-size. AvtoVAZ and IZh were also charged with producing vehicles in the same category as AZLK, while GAZ handled the large car/full-size segment.

Following privatization in 1991, AZLK adopted Moskvitch as its corporate name, as it had already been used on all of the company's cars dating to 1939.

Alternative names of the manufacturer

  • Moskvitch Stock Venture (from 1991 until bankruptcy in 2002)
  • АО Москвич (from 1991 until bankruptcy in 2002, in Russian)
  • AZLK (from 1969 until 1991, abbreviation using Latin alphabet)
  • АЗЛК (from 1969 until 1991, in Russian; the abbreviation means Youth Communist League Car Factory)
  • MZMA (from 1949 until 1969, abbreviation using Latin alphabet)
  • МЗМА (from 1949 until 1969, in Russian; the abbreviation means Moscow Small Car Factory)

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5-door
5-seat
S4 8v 1.4L OHV M-4
45.5 kW / 61.0 hp / 61.0 hp  109.0 N·m / 80.4 lb·ft / 80.4 lb·ft
   

AZLK Moskvitch 426 Station Wagon (1968)

5-door 5-seater station wagon (estate, combi), petrol (gasoline) 4-cylinder 8-valve straight (inline) engine, OHV (overhead valve, I-head), 1361 cm3 / 83.1 cu in / 83.1 cu in, 45.5 kW / 61.0 hp / 61.0 hp @ 4750 rpm / 4750 rpm / 4750 rpm, 109.0 N·m / 80.4 lb·ft / 80.4 lb·ft @ 2750 rpm / 2750 rpm / 2750 rpm, manual 4-speed transmission, rear wheel drive, 121 km/h / 75 mph / 75 mph top speed

5-door
5-seat
S4 8v 1.4L OHV M-4
32.8 kW / 44.0 hp / 44.0 hp  86.0 N·m / 63.4 lb·ft / 63.4 lb·ft
   

AZLK Moskvitch 423 H Station Wagon (1963)

5-door 5-seater station wagon (estate, combi), petrol (gasoline) 4-cylinder 8-valve straight (inline) engine, OHV (overhead valve, I-head), 1360 cm3 / 83.0 cu in / 83.0 cu in, 32.8 kW / 44.0 hp / 44.0 hp @ 4500 rpm / 4500 rpm / 4500 rpm, 86.0 N·m / 63.4 lb·ft / 63.4 lb·ft @ 2600 rpm / 2600 rpm / 2600 rpm, manual 4-speed transmission, rear wheel drive, 105 km/h / 65 mph / 65 mph top speed

4-door
5-seat
S4 8v 1.8L SOHC M-4
46.2 kW / 62.0 hp / 62.0 hp        
   

AZLK Moskvitch 412 Diesel

4-door 5-seater sedan (saloon), diesel 4-cylinder 8-valve straight (inline) engine, SOHC (single overhead camshaft), 1760 cm3 / 107.4 cu in / 107.4 cu in, 46.2 kW / 62.0 hp / 62.0 hp @ 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm, manual 4-speed transmission, rear wheel drive, 121 km/h / 75 mph / 75 mph top speed

4-door
5-seat
S4 8v 1.5L SOHC M-4
59.7 kW / 80.1 hp / 80.1 hp  115.0 N·m / 84.8 lb·ft / 84.8 lb·ft
   

AZLK Moskvitch 412

4-door 5-seater sedan (saloon), petrol (gasoline) 4-cylinder 8-valve straight (inline) engine, SOHC (single overhead camshaft), 1478 cm3 / 90.2 cu in / 90.2 cu in, 59.7 kW / 80.1 hp / 80.1 hp @ 5800 rpm / 5800 rpm / 5800 rpm, 115.0 N·m / 84.8 lb·ft / 84.8 lb·ft @ 3400 rpm / 3400 rpm / 3400 rpm, manual 4-speed transmission, rear wheel drive, 161 km/h / 100 mph / 100 mph top speed

4-door
5-seat
S4 8v 1.4L OHV M-4
45.5 kW / 61.0 hp / 61.0 hp  109.0 N·m / 80.4 lb·ft / 80.4 lb·ft
   

AZLK Moskvitch 408 (1965)

4-door 5-seater sedan (saloon), petrol (gasoline) 4-cylinder 8-valve straight (inline) engine, OHV (overhead valve, I-head), 1361 cm3 / 83.1 cu in / 83.1 cu in, 45.5 kW / 61.0 hp / 61.0 hp @ 4750 rpm / 4750 rpm / 4750 rpm, 109.0 N·m / 80.4 lb·ft / 80.4 lb·ft @ 2750 rpm / 2750 rpm / 2750 rpm, manual 4-speed transmission, rear wheel drive, 126 km/h / 78 mph / 78 mph top speed

4-door
5-seat
S4 8v 1.4L OHV M-3
33.6 kW / 45.1 hp / 45.1 hp  87.0 N·m / 64.2 lb·ft / 64.2 lb·ft
   

AZLK Moskvitch 407

4-door 5-seater sedan (saloon), petrol (gasoline) 4-cylinder 8-valve straight (inline) engine, OHV (overhead valve, I-head), 1361 cm3 / 83.1 cu in / 83.1 cu in, 33.6 kW / 45.1 hp / 45.1 hp @ 4500 rpm / 4500 rpm / 4500 rpm, 87.0 N·m / 64.2 lb·ft / 64.2 lb·ft @ 2600 rpm / 2600 rpm / 2600 rpm, manual 3-speed transmission, rear wheel drive

4-door
5-seat
S4 8v 1.8L      M-4
36.5 kW / 48.9 hp / 48.9 hp  108.0 N·m / 79.7 lb·ft / 79.7 lb·ft
   

AZLK Moskvitch 2138 Diesel (1979)

4-door 5-seater sedan (saloon), diesel 4-cylinder 8-valve straight (inline) engine, 1760 cm3 / 107.4 cu in / 107.4 cu in, 36.5 kW / 48.9 hp / 48.9 hp @ 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm, 108.0 N·m / 79.7 lb·ft / 79.7 lb·ft @ 2200 rpm / 2200 rpm / 2200 rpm, manual 4-speed transmission, rear wheel drive, 120 km/h / 75 mph / 75 mph top speed

4-door
5-seat
S4 8v 1.4L OHV M-4
36.5 kW / 48.9 hp / 48.9 hp  91.0 N·m / 67.1 lb·ft / 67.1 lb·ft
   

AZLK Moskvitch 2138 (1979)

4-door 5-seater sedan (saloon), diesel 4-cylinder 8-valve straight (inline) engine, OHV (overhead valve, I-head), 1361 cm3 / 83.1 cu in / 83.1 cu in, 36.5 kW / 48.9 hp / 48.9 hp @ 4750 rpm / 4750 rpm / 4750 rpm, 91.0 N·m / 67.1 lb·ft / 67.1 lb·ft @ 2750 rpm / 2750 rpm / 2750 rpm, manual 4-speed transmission, rear wheel drive, 120 km/h / 75 mph / 75 mph top speed

5-door
5-seat
S4 8v 1.5L SOHC M-5
53.7 kW / 72.0 hp / 72.0 hp  108.0 N·m / 79.7 lb·ft / 79.7 lb·ft
   

AZLK Moskvich 21412 (1986)

5-door 5-seater hatchback (liftback) sedan, petrol (gasoline) 4-cylinder 8-valve straight (inline) engine, SOHC (single overhead camshaft), 1479 cm3 / 90.3 cu in / 90.3 cu in, 53.7 kW / 72.0 hp / 72.0 hp @ 5500 rpm / 5500 rpm / 5500 rpm, 108.0 N·m / 79.7 lb·ft / 79.7 lb·ft @ 3300 rpm / 3300 rpm / 3300 rpm, manual 5-speed transmission, front wheel drive, 147 km/h / 91 mph / 91 mph top speed

Infobox

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