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Alfa Romeo - GP159 series

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About Alfa Romeo

Alfa Romeo is an Italian automobile manufacturer founded in 1910. Alfa Romeo has been a part of the Fiat Group since 1986. The company was originally known as A.L.F.A., which is an acronym for Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili (translated: Lombard Automobile Factory, Public Company).

History

Foundation and early years

The company that became Alfa Romeo was founded as Società Anonima Italiana Darracq (SAID) in 1906 by Cavaliere Ugo Stella, an aristocrat from Milan, in partnership with the French automobile firm of Alexandre Darracq. The firm initially produced Darracq cars in Naples, but after the partnership collapsed Stella and the other Italian co-investors moved production to an idle Darracq factory in the Milan suburb of Portello, and the company was renamed A.L.F.A. (Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili). The first non-Darracq car produced by company was the 1910 24 HP, designed by Giuseppe Merosi. Merosi would go on to design a series of new ALFA cars with more powerful engines (40-60 HP). ALFA also ventured into motor racing, drivers Franchini and Ronzoni competing in the 1911 Targa Florio with two 24 HP models. However, the onset of World War I halted automobile production at ALFA for three years.

1916 saw the company come under the direction of Neapolitan entrepreneur Nicola Romeo, who converted the factory to produce military hardware for the Italian and Allied war efforts. Munitions, aircraft engines and other components, compressors and generators based on the company's existing car engines, and heavy locomotives were produced in the factory during the war. When the war was over, Romeo took complete control of ALFA and car production resumed in 1919. In 1920, the name of the company was changed to Alfa Romeo with the Torpedo 20-30 HP becoming the first car to be badged as such.Their first success came in 1920 when Giuseppe Campari won at Mugello and continued with second place in the Targa Florio driven by Enzo Ferrari. Giuseppe Merosi continued as head designer, and the company continued to produce solid road cars as well as successful race cars (including the 40-60 HP and the RL Targa Florio).

In 1923 Vittorio Jano was lured away from Fiat, partly thanks to the persuasion of a young Alfa racing driver named Enzo Ferrari, to replace Merosi as chief designer at Alfa Romeo. The first Alfa Romeo under Jano was the P2 Grand Prix car, which won Alfa Romeo the inaugural world championship for Grand Prix cars in 1925. For Alfa road cars Jano developed a series of small-to-medium-displacement 4, 6, and 8 cylinder inline power plants based on the P2 unit that established the classic architecture of Alfa engines, with light alloy construction, hemispherical combustion chambers, centrally-located plugs, two rows of overhead valves per cylinder bank and dual overhead cams. Jano's designs proved to be both reliable and powerful.

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S8 16v 1.5L      M-4
313.0 kW / 419.7 hp / 419.7 hp        
   

Alfa Romeo GP159 (1953)

petrol (gasoline) 8-cylinder 16-valve straight (inline) engine, 1479 cm3 / 90.3 cu in / 90.3 cu in, 313.0 kW / 419.7 hp / 419.7 hp @ 9300 rpm / 9300 rpm / 9300 rpm, manual 4-speed transmission, rear wheel drive

  
  
S8 16v 1.5L      M-4
314.0 kW / 421.1 hp / 421.1 hp        
   

Alfa Romeo GP159 (1956)

petrol (gasoline) 8-cylinder 16-valve straight (inline) engine, 1479 cm3 / 90.3 cu in / 90.3 cu in, 314.0 kW / 421.1 hp / 421.1 hp @ 9300 rpm / 9300 rpm / 9300 rpm, manual 4-speed transmission, rear wheel drive

Infobox

Where Does Your Auto Insurance Dollar Go?

You pay your auto insurance. You have the right amount of coverage. So where does all that money go?

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