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Saturn
ION Sedan Automatic
(2002)




Basic (general) data

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Marque (make)Image of Saturn ION Sedan Automatic
Saturn
SerieION
Model family
ModelION Sedan Automatic
Model code
Issued from2002
Issued until
Country of originUS
Number made
Body construction
Body designation

Bodywork

 
Base platform
Bodywork typesedan (saloon)
Bodywork designer
Number of doors4
Number of seats5
Cargo capacity (volume) [l / cu ft / cu ft]
Max. cargo capacity (volume) [l / cu ft / cu ft]
Passenger space (volume) [l / cu ft / cu ft]

Dimensions & Weight

 
Wheelbase [mm / in / in]2621 / 103.2 / 103.2
Track front [mm / in / in]1494 / 58.8 / 58.8
Track rear [mm / in / in]1483 / 58.4 / 58.4
Length [mm / in / in]4686 / 184.5 / 184.5
Width [mm / in / in]1707 / 67.2 / 67.2
Height [mm / in / in]1458 / 57.4 / 57.4
Length/wheelbase ratio1.79
Ground clearance [mm / in / in]
Total (curb) weight [kg / lb / lb]1255 / 2767 / 2767
Dry weight [kg / lb / lb]
Load capacity [kg / lb / lb]
Gross (max.) weight [kg / lb / lb]
Towing weight [kg / lb / lb]
Weight distribution (front) [% / % / %]
Fuel capacity [l / UK gal / US gal]50 / 11.0 / 13.2

Aerodynamics

 
Drag coefficient (Cd, Cx, Cw)
Frontal area (A) [m2 / sq ft / sq ft]2.12 / 22.8 / 22.8 (est.)
Aerodynamic coefficient (Cd×A) [m2 / sq ft / sq ft]
Aerodynamic resistance (Aero horse power) at 100 km/h (62 mph) [kW / hp / hp]

Engine

 
Engine CodeEcotec L61
Engine ManufacturerGM
Engine Typestraight (inline)
Engine Type Details
Sumpwet
Fuelpetrol (gasoline)
Fuel details
Cam DesignDOHC (double overhead camshafts, twin cam)
Total number of cylinders4
Total number of valves16
Valves per cylinder4
Engine Main bearings
Engine constructionaluminium block & head
Bore [mm / in / in]86.0 / 3.39 / 3.39
Stroke [mm / in / in]94.6 / 3.72 / 3.72
Bore/Stroke ratio0.91
Engine displacement [cm3 / cu in / cu in]2198 / 134.1 / 134.1
Unitary capacity [cm3/cylinder / cu in/cylinder / cu in/cylinder]549.50 / 33.533 / 33.533
Compression ratio10.0
Fuel supplySFi
Aspirationnatural
Compressor typeN/A
Intercoolerno
Catalytic converteryes
Max. output power [kW / hp / hp]104.4 / 140.0 / 140.0
Max. output power rpm [rpm / rpm / rpm]5800 / 5800 / 5800
Max. torque [N·m / lb·ft / lb·ft]197.0 / 145.3 / 145.3
Max. torque rpm [rpm / rpm / rpm]4400 / 4400 / 4400
Maximum rpm [rpm / rpm / rpm]6450 / 6450 / 6450
Coolantwater
Max. net output (power at the wheels) [kW / hp / hp]41.8 / 56.0 / 56.0 (est.)
Specific output [kW/l / bhp/cu in / bhp/cu in]47.5 / 1.044 / 1.044
Specific torque [N·m/l / lb·ft/cu in / lb·ft/cu in]89.6 / 0.78 / 0.78

Transmission

 
Transmission typeautomatic
Number of gears5
Wheel drivefront wheel drive
Top gear (drive) ratio1
Final gear (drive) ratio2.6

Performance

 
Power-to-weight ratio [kW/ton / bhp/ton / bhp/ton]111.5 / 84.5 / 84.5
Acceleration 0-50 mph (80 km/h) [s / s / s]
Acceleration 0-60 mph (97 km/h) [s / s / s]
Acceleration 0-100 km/h [s / s / s]
Acceleration 0-100 mph (160 km/h) [s / s / s]
Acceleration 80-120 km/h (50-70 mph) in top [s / s / s]
Standing ¼mile time [s / s / s]
Standing ¼mile speed [km/h / mph / mph]
Standing kilometer time [s / s / s]
Standing kilometer speed [km/h / mph / mph]
Top (maximal) speed [km/h / mph / mph]
Fuel consumption, City (urban) [l/100km / mpg-UK / mpg-US]
Fuel consumption, Road (extra-urban) [l/100km / mpg-UK / mpg-US]
Fuel consumption, Mixed (combined) [l/100km / mpg-UK / mpg-US]
Fuel consumption, Euro [l/100km / mpg-UK / mpg-US]
CO2 emissions [g/km / g/mi / g/mi]
Range [km / mi / mi]

Chassis

 
Engine locationfront
Engine alignmenttransverse
Steeringrack & pinion PAS
Steering details
Turns lock-to-lock3
Suspension frontIndependent, MacPherson strut, Anti-roll (anti-sway) bar (ARB)
Suspension rearTorsion bar axle, Anti-roll (anti-sway) bar (ARB)
Wheels front
Wheels rear
Tyres frontFirestone 195/60 R 15
Tyres rearFirestone 195/60 R 15
Brakes frontventilated disc
Brakes reardrum
Brakes detailsservo-assisted
Brake diameter front [mm / in / in]256 / 10.1 / 10.1
Brake diameter rear [mm / in / in]230 / 9.1 / 9.1
Braked area [cm2 / sq in / sq in]
Infobox

The Varying Drivers License Requirements Around the World

Minimum driving ages, the number of passengers young drivers can have with them at any time, the times of day that drivers under the age of 18 can drive…

These all vary depending on where young motorists are driving. They vary, even, across the United States.

For instance, in Maine, motorists under the age of 18 aren’t allowed to have any passengers with them as they drive for the first 180 days after they obtain their licenses. In Alabama, motorists under the age of 18 can have one passenger with them.

And that’s just one example of the differences in driving license requirements from one part of the country to the next. The differences are even more pronounced when comparing one country to another. Minimum driving ages vary widely across the world. While most states in the United States allow youngsters to earn their learner’s permits at the age of 15, many other countries require their residents to be much older before they get behind the wheel of a car.

(...)

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