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Toyota Land Cruiser 80 Wagon

(1990 model)

Brief specs of 1990 Toyota Land Cruiser 80 Wagon

5-seater sport utility vehicle (SUV), petrol (gasoline) 6-cylinder straight (inline) engine, 3954 cm3 / 241.3 cu in / 241.3 cu in, 115.0 kW / 154.2 hp / 154.2 hp @ 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm, 298.0 N·m / 219.8 lb·ft / 219.8 lb·ft @ 3000 rpm / 3000 rpm / 3000 rpm, manual 5-speed transmission, four wheel drive

units: metric UK US

Basic (general) data

Marque (make)ToyotaIssued from1990
ModelLand Cruiser 80 WagonIssued until
SerieLand CruiserNumber made
Model familyBody construction
Model codeBody designation
ManufacturerToyota Motor Corp.CountryJP

Bodywork

Base platformNumber of doors
Bodywork typesport utility vehicle (SUV)Number of seats5
Bodywork designerCargo capacity (volume)
Passenger space (volume)5210 l / 183.99 cu ft / 183.99 cu ftMax. cargo capacity (volume)

Dimensions & Weight

Length4790 mm / 188.6 in / 188.6 inTotal (curb) weight2140 kg / 4718 lb / 4718 lb
Width1840 mm / 72.4 in / 72.4 inDry weight
Height1880 mm / 74.0 in / 74.0 inLoad capacity
Wheelbase2860 mm / 112.6 in / 112.6 inGross (max.) weight
Track frontTowing weight
Track rearWeight distribution (front)
Ground clearance220 mm / 8.7 in / 8.7 inFuel capacity
Length/wheelbase ratio1.67  

Aerodynamics

Drag coefficient (Cd, Cx, Cw)0.5Frontal area (A)2.94 m2 / 31.6 sq ft / 31.6 sq ft (est.)
Aerodynamic coefficient (Cd×A)1.47 m2 / 15.8 sq ft / 15.8 sq ft (est.)Aerodynamic resistance (Aero horse power) at 100 km/h (62 mph)36.5 kW / 49.0 hp / 49.0 hp (est.)

Engine

Engine CodeTotal number of cylinders6
Engine Typestraight (inline) (Inline, 6 cylinder)Total number of valves
Engine ManufacturerValves per cylinder
Engine constructionBore94.0 mm / 3.70 in / 3.70 in
Fuelpetrol (gasoline)Stroke95.0 mm / 3.74 in / 3.74 in
Fuel detailsBore/Stroke ratio0.99
Fuel supplyDirect injection (DI)Engine displacement3954 cm3 / 241.3 cu in / 241.3 cu in
Engine Main bearingsUnitary capacity659.28 cm3/cylinder / 40.232 cu in/cylinder / 40.232 cu in/cylinder
Cam DesignCompression ratio
SumpMax. output power115.0 kW / 154.2 hp / 154.2 hp at 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm / 4000 rpm
AspirationMax. torque298.0 N·m / 219.8 lb·ft / 219.8 lb·ft at 3000 rpm / 3000 rpm / 3000 rpm
Compressor typeMaximum rpm
IntercoolerMax. net output (power at the wheels)46.0 kW / 61.7 hp / 61.7 hp (est.)
CoolantSpecific output29.3 kW/l / 0.644 bhp/cu in / 0.644 bhp/cu in
Catalytic converterSpecific torque75.4 N·m/l / 0.66 lb·ft/cu in / 0.66 lb·ft/cu in

Transmission

Transmission typemanualNumber of gears5
Wheel drivefour wheel driveTop gear (drive) ratio
  Final gear (drive) ratio

Performance

Acceleration 0-50 mph (80 km/h)Top (maximal) speed
Acceleration 0-60 mph (97 km/h)Power-to-weight ratio72.9 kW/ton / 55.2 bhp/ton / 55.2 bhp/ton
Acceleration 0-100 km/hFuel consumption, City (urban)
Acceleration 0-100 mph (160 km/h)Fuel consumption, Road (extra-urban)
Acceleration 80-120 km/h (50-70 mph) in topFuel consumption, Mixed (combined)
Standing ¼mile time Fuel consumption, Euro
Standing kilometer time CO2 emissions
  Range

Chassis

Engine locationfrontEngine alignmentlongitudinal
SteeringSteering details
Turns lock-to-lockTurning circle13.0 m / 42.7 ft / 42.7 ft
Suspension frontSuspension rear
Wheels frontWheels rear
Tyres front215/80-R16Tyres rear215/80-R16
Brakes frontBrakes rear
Brake diameter frontBrake diameter rear
Brakes detailsBraked area

Technical specifications and performance data of Toyota Land Cruiser 80 Wagon

Infobox

The Varying Drivers License Requirements Around the World

Minimum driving ages, the number of passengers young drivers can have with them at any time, the times of day that drivers under the age of 18 can drive…

These all vary depending on where young motorists are driving. They vary, even, across the United States.

For instance, in Maine, motorists under the age of 18 aren’t allowed to have any passengers with them as they drive for the first 180 days after they obtain their licenses. In Alabama, motorists under the age of 18 can have one passenger with them.

And that’s just one example of the differences in driving license requirements from one part of the country to the next. The differences are even more pronounced when comparing one country to another. Minimum driving ages vary widely across the world. While most states in the United States allow youngsters to earn their learner’s permits at the age of 15, many other countries require their residents to be much older before they get behind the wheel of a car.

(...)

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