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Pininfarina Ethos 3

(1994 model)

Brief specs of 1994 Pininfarina Ethos 3

5-door 5-seater hatchback (liftback) sedan, petrol (gasoline) 3-cylinder straight (inline) engine, two stroke, 1197 cm3 / 73.0 cu in / 73.0 cu in, 70.8 kW / 94.9 hp / 94.9 hp @ 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm, front wheel drive

units: metric UK US

Basic (general) data

Marque (make)PininfarinaIssued from1994
ModelEthos 3Issued until
SerieEthosNumber made1
Model familyBody construction
Model codeBody designation
ManufacturerPininfarinaCountryIT

Bodywork

Base platformNumber of doors5
Bodywork typehatchback (liftback) sedanNumber of seats5
Bodywork designerPininfarinaCargo capacity (volume)
Passenger space (volume)Max. cargo capacity (volume)

Dimensions & Weight

Length3240 mm / 127.6 in / 127.6 inTotal (curb) weight
Width1690 mm / 66.5 in / 66.5 inDry weight
Height1470 mm / 57.9 in / 57.9 inLoad capacity
Wheelbase2300 mm / 90.6 in / 90.6 inGross (max.) weight
Track frontTowing weight
Track rearWeight distribution (front)
Ground clearanceFuel capacity
Length/wheelbase ratio1.41  

Aerodynamics

Drag coefficient (Cd, Cx, Cw)0.19Frontal area (A)2.11 m2 / 22.7 sq ft / 22.7 sq ft (est.)
Aerodynamic coefficient (Cd×A)0.40 m2 / 4.3 sq ft / 4.3 sq ft (est.)Aerodynamic resistance (Aero horse power) at 100 km/h (62 mph)10.0 kW / 13.4 hp / 13.4 hp (est.)

Engine

Engine CodeTotal number of cylinders3
Engine Typestraight (inline) Total number of valves0
Engine ManufacturerValves per cylinder0
Engine constructionBore84.0 mm / 3.31 in / 3.31 in
Fuelpetrol (gasoline)Stroke72.0 mm / 2.83 in / 2.83 in
Fuel detailsBore/Stroke ratio1.17
Fuel supplyEngine displacement1197 cm3 / 73.0 cu in / 73.0 cu in
Engine Main bearingsUnitary capacity399.00 cm3/cylinder / 24.348 cu in/cylinder / 24.348 cu in/cylinder
Cam Designtwo strokeCompression ratio
SumpMax. output power70.8 kW / 94.9 hp / 94.9 hp at 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm / 3500 rpm
AspirationnaturalMax. torque at
Compressor typeN/AMaximum rpm
IntercoolernoMax. net output (power at the wheels)28.3 kW / 38.0 hp / 38.0 hp (est.)
CoolantwaterSpecific output59.1 kW/l / 1.300 bhp/cu in / 1.300 bhp/cu in
Catalytic converterSpecific torque

Transmission

Transmission typeNumber of gears
Wheel drivefront wheel driveTop gear (drive) ratio
  Final gear (drive) ratio

Performance

Acceleration 0-50 mph (80 km/h)Top (maximal) speed
Acceleration 0-60 mph (97 km/h)Power-to-weight ratio
Acceleration 0-100 km/hFuel consumption, City (urban)
Acceleration 0-100 mph (160 km/h)Fuel consumption, Road (extra-urban)
Acceleration 80-120 km/h (50-70 mph) in topFuel consumption, Mixed (combined)
Standing ¼mile time Fuel consumption, Euro
Standing kilometer time CO2 emissions
  Range

Chassis

Engine locationfrontEngine alignmenttransverse
SteeringSteering details
Turns lock-to-lockTurning circle
Suspension frontSuspension rear
Wheels frontWheels rear
Tyres frontTyres rear
Brakes frontBrakes rear
Brake diameter frontBrake diameter rear
Brakes detailsBraked area

Technical specifications and performance data of Pininfarina Ethos 3

Infobox

The Varying Drivers License Requirements Around the World

Minimum driving ages, the number of passengers young drivers can have with them at any time, the times of day that drivers under the age of 18 can drive…

These all vary depending on where young motorists are driving. They vary, even, across the United States.

For instance, in Maine, motorists under the age of 18 aren’t allowed to have any passengers with them as they drive for the first 180 days after they obtain their licenses. In Alabama, motorists under the age of 18 can have one passenger with them.

And that’s just one example of the differences in driving license requirements from one part of the country to the next. The differences are even more pronounced when comparing one country to another. Minimum driving ages vary widely across the world. While most states in the United States allow youngsters to earn their learner’s permits at the age of 15, many other countries require their residents to be much older before they get behind the wheel of a car.

(...)

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